External influences such as sun rays, aggressive care products, cold or environmental pollution are an additional stress factor and create a reddened, sometimes dry or spotty skin with pimples. Furthermore, sensitive skin is resentful. It does not only react to external influences, but lifestyle and wrong care habits can additionally strengthen this tendency. Lack of fluids, unbalanced nutrition, hormone fluctuations, medication, lack of sleep and last but not least the psyche have a significant effect on the skin condition.
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SENSITIVE AND DELICATE SKIN
- very fair and dry, freckle-prone skin with translucent blood vessels
- often light eye color or red hair
- increased sensitivity to aggressive ingredients
- skin that is prone to irritation and redness
- often also “flaky skin” and with a tendency to swellings
- mental imbalances often influence the complexion of the skin
THE ROOT OF THE PROBLEM
The causes of sensitive skin are based on the interaction of various factors: besides, hereditary predisposition and allergies, mainly dry skin types tend to have sensitive skin. Even with increasing age, the skin can produce less and less moisture and store lipids, making it more dehydrated and, therefore, more delicate. Delicate skin can occur chronically as a characteristic of the sensitive skin type, but also in phases and at any time as a reaction to a specific cause for the normal skin types. More rarely, skin diseases like psoriasis or rosacea are also underlying.
Without a doubt, sensitive skin is the consequence of a disturbed skin barrier. However, this barrier can be strengthened with the help of skin-affine cosmetics and brought back into its natural balance.
THE SOLUTION: RESISTANT SKIN BARRIER
Our skin is a truly complex system, which not only serves as boundary and protection for our innards but also as communication organ between inside and outside. The skin barrier as our uppermost skin layer fulfills two essential functions: on the one hand, it acts as a protective barrier against harmful environmental influences from outside, and on the other hand, it prevents dehydration from inside. A resistant and intact skin barrier is the key to healthy and beautiful skin.
Our skin barrier consists of horny cells (dead skin cells) and double lipid layers (ceramides, cholesterol, long-chain fatty acids). The main part of this layer consists of ceramides with 60%. The double lipid layer is accordingly a lipid-containing mixture, which holds the skin cells together and thus prevents not only the entry of extraneous elements but also the loss of water.
Barrier-disturbed skin reacts very delicately, even to relatively minor strains. Due to the affected barrier and the damaged double lipid layer, the skin is increasingly exposed to external influences. The natural water content of the skin cannot be maintained and it increasingly dries up. Sensitive skin often shows small cracks in the horny layer, which may allow germs to enter and cause inflammations. The skin reacts with itching, inflammation, a feeling of tension and irritation.
HOW DO I PROTECT MY SKIN BARRIER?
Avoid paraffin-containing and aggressive care products as well as mineral oils, silicones and artificial emulsifiers.
Artificial emulsifiers can dissolve the skin’s natural lipid layer, so that the skin’s lipids combine with the water during the next cleansing by the emulsifiers and are washed out. Mineral oils and silicones indeed form a pleasant film on the skin, but they cannot integrate into the natural skin structure because the body cannot digest artificial substances and, in the long run, lead to a decline of the skin barrier functions. Moreover, mineral oils have an occlusive effect (they close the pores), which literally suffocates the lower skin layers and stops their activity. The skin produces fewer essential lipids and increasingly loses its ability to retain moisture.
The ideal solution for a resistant and intact skin barrier is to use skin-affine cosmetics, which means skincare products that imitate the skin barrier in their composition. This includes jojoba oil, shea butter and other natural waxes. Furthermore, the skin barrier should be strengthened and supported in its function by valuable ceramides and natural fatty acids, which can be integrated as building blocks into the skin barrier. Among the vegetable oils rich in natural fatty acids are argan oil, avocado oil, evening primrose oil, shea butter and sea buckthorn.
SPECIAL FORCES: CERAMIDES
Ceramides are lipids (fats) that occur naturally in the skin and, in a way, form the basic structure of the skin. They keep the skin’s protective barrier together and prevent moisture loss and visible damage caused by environmental influences. With increasing age, however, the skin gradually loses its ability to form “high-quality” ceramides, which may lead to a damaged skin barrier. Skincare products with ceramides strengthen the skin barrier and improve the moisture supply. This makes the skin smoother and firmer, fine lines and wrinkles are less visible and irritations can be prevented.
HOW DO I CARE FOR SENSITIVE SKIN PROPERLY?
Sensitive skin has three key characteristics that should be considered in daily skincare routine: a weakened skin barrier, excessive sensation of irritations and a tendency to redness. The primary goal of care should be to calm the skin, increase its resistance and maintain and strengthen its natural protective function in the long term.
The first and most important step in the care of very sensitive skin is to cleanse the skin (thoroughly and) gently without irritating it or disturbing the already weakened skin protection barrier. To cleanse the body and face, you should use the gentlest possible cleansing products that maintain the skin’s protective acid mantle and use products that correspond to the skin’s own pH value. Especially mild cleansing products based on lotions are ideal for this purpose, as they preserve the skin’s natural oils, which are essential for an intact skin barrier.
BALANCING ACT: TONER
As a connecting link between cleansing and moisturizing, a toner restores the skin’s natural pH value after cleansing and prepares it to better absorb the ingredients of the following care products. The light texture provides the skin with essential nutrients and so improves the effectiveness of subsequent care products. If used regularly, the skin feels noticeably firmer and more relaxed.
CAUTION WITH PEELING
Too strong peelings can damage the skin barrier. If the skin is exfoliated too intensively, the skin cannot regenerate fast enough to maintain its natural protective function. In contrast to mechanical peelings, which remove skin scales by friction, enzyme peelings are particularly gentle and are ideally suited for sensitive skin types. Here a keratolytic process, which dissolves the dead skin cells without harming the active skin cells, replaces the mechanical friction of the microparticles.
DAYCARE FOR SENSITIVE SKIN
Especially for sensitive skin, the daycare should be a real all-rounder: Moisturize, soothe irritations, protect against external influences and strengthen the skin barrier. Mild care products with selective functional ingredients, specially developed for sensitive skin, can support the skin barrier in its function and return it to its natural balance.
136,00 € / 100 ml
SPECIAL CARE FOR SENSITIVE SKIN
Sensitive skin does not always have an easy life. Therefore it needs special attention and care. Facial masks, intensive treatments and serums have a high concentration of soothing and moisturizing functional ingredients and are particularly suitable for spoiling sensitive skin with an extra portion of protection and care. In particular, serums are characterized by a high concentration of functional ingredients and can enter deeper skin layers due to their light texture. That not only soothes irritations but also brings the skin back into its natural balance and strengthens the skin barrier in the long term.
213,00 € / 100 ml
SPECIAL PROTECTION FOR SENSITIVE SKIN
A weakened skin protection barrier tends to cause irritations. Stimulations can penetrate more easily and so cause skin irritations. What remains is an uncomfortable feeling on the skin. As the natural protective shield of sensitive skin is no longer intact, additional care products should be used, especially for this skin type, which have been developed for special requirements and offer the skin a plus in protection. That’s especially true if the skin is exposed to intense solar radiation or a rough climate.
Sensitive skin types should definitely avoid extremes. These include very spicy food, fast food and sweets, strongly chlorinated and hot water, intense solar radiation, stress as well as alcoholic beverages and aggressive skincare products.
96,00 € / 100 ml
BEAUTY TIPS FOR SENSITIVE SKIN
To cleanse the body and face, you should use the most gentle cleansing products possible, which maintain the skin’s acid mantle. Use products that correspond to the skin’s pH value.
Balancing act – Toner
As sensitive skin tends to be dry, it is recommended to moisten the face with a toner after cleansing. Skin calming and moisturizing ingredients are blueberries, aloe vera, chamomile and rosewater.
Highly concentrated serums with special functional ingredients can penetrate deeper skin layers due to their light texture to develop their effect there. In this way, the skin’s resistance to external stress factors can be sustainably improved and the blood vessels can be strengthened.
Cream for sensitive skin
As sensitive skin tends to be dry, a moisturizing cream should be an indispensable part of the skincare routine. Also, always make sure that the skin is sufficiently nourished. Suitable are skin type-specific face and body creams that are free of possibly irritating ingredients and support the skin’s barrier function in a natural way. Natural oils like almond, jojoba and evening primrose oil noticeably calm irritated skin.
A cream mask is a real pleasure for sensitive skin. It is best to use a skin type-specific mask. The ingredients are specially adapted to the skin type and contain selective functional ingredients that strengthen the skin barrier and soothe irritations.
Avoid mechanical peelings. The fine micro-particles which remove the skin scales by friction can excessively irritate sensitive skin. The best thing to do here is to use an enzyme peeling. This is particularly gentle in contrast to mechanical peelings as the enzymes dissolve dead skin cells without harming the active skin cells.
Better to take a shower than a bath
Bathing for too long in hot water removes valuable lipids from the skin, which are essential for an intact skin barrier. A supposedly relaxing bath can become a stressful affair for sensitive skin.
Through an improved lymphatic flow, “congestions” can be prevented, i.e., redness, heat, etc. rarely occur. At the same time the gentle touch calms the vegetative nervous system and is therefore ideal for the often nervous type of constitution.